Oviedo is the capital city of the Principality of Asturias located in northern Spain and the administrative, business, university, and commercial hub of the region (1;3). Oviedo is a cultural, industrial, historic, and touristic city (4). It is also a city with significant international presence through the Prince of Asturias Awards (3;6).
The University of Oviedo is the only public institution of higher education in the Principality of Asturias (4). The University has faculties and schools, over seven campuses located in three cities (4).
Oviedo University's international campus attracts many foreign scholars from all over the globe (1). The city owns several private institutions of higher education (5).
Culture & Tourism
Oviedo boasts its nature parks, historic and cultural monuments, grandiose stone buildings’ architecture, rich historic and artistic heritage and the wealth of the historic district in the old town (4;6).
The most famous sights include Cathedral of San Salvador, Cámara Santa de Oviedo, Santa María del Naranco Church, San Miguel de Lillo, Basilica of San Julián de los Prados, La Foncalada, The University of Oviedo, La Balesquida Chapel, House of the Llanes, The Monastery of San Vicente, Archaeological Museum of Asturias, Museum of Fine Arts of Asturias, commercials centers, San Francisco park, Orquesta Sinfonica del Principado de Asturias, and many more (1).
Among these National Monuments some have been declared to be ' World Heritage Sites ' by UNESCO (4). Oviedo is candidate to be the European Capital of Culture in 2016 (3).
Oviedo does not have an airport. The nearest airport is located in Santiago del Monte at about 30 miles (1). It is a national and international airport managed by AENA (2).
In 2012, the airport reached 1,309,640 passengers, managed 13,252 operations and moved 102 tons of cargo (2).
Oviedo does not have a port. The nearest ports are located in Gijon and Aviles.
Oviedo’s fundamental economic sector includes business and commerce (3). The economy is strongly dependent on the tertiary sector, with many office buildings in the city center (1). There is several commercial centers and manufactures of arms in Oviedo and several coal and steel plants on the outskirts of the city (6;7).
Oviedo is rich in forests, coal, streams and waterfalls, which have largely contributed to its modern industrial development (7). Rye, chestnuts, apples are abundant (7).
Coal, iron, mercury, cinnabar, sardines, and tuna are exported (7).
Principality of Asturias is a region with a privileged natural landscape and a rich artistic heritage (6). For centuries, the backbone of the Asturias economy was agriculture and fishing (7).
Agriculture is poorly developed in the region (8). Traditional crops are wheat, millet, and kidney beans (8).
Asturias is the most important mining and metallurgical region in Spain and is also a major producer of zinc (8). Lead, magnesia, arsenic, cobalt, lapis lazuli, alum, antimony, jet, marble and rock-crystal are found in various parts of the province (9).
Asturias’ manufacture incudes cement, glass, paper, porcelain, food and beverages, tobacco, leather, arms, and textiles (8).
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