Le Havre, France
Le Havre is the largest city of the Haute-Normandie region, located in north-western France (2). Its port is France’s largest commercial harbor (5). Le Havre is a cultural, economic, and maritime city (4). It is also a European logistics and industrial hub.
Several institutions of higher education are established in Le Havre, the largest is the University of Le Havre (5).
Culture & Tourism
The city has a rich historical, architectural, and cultural heritage. The port city is home to a rich architectural heritage and many buildings in the city are classified as "historic monuments" (2). In July 2005, UNESCO listed Le Havre city, rebuilt by Auguste Perret, as a World Heritage site (1), and in 2011, the city was listed one of France’s “Cities of Art & History” (9).
Le Havre’s main attraction include Churches, museums, Beaux-Arts museum, The Shipowner home, The former tribunal ,The "Volcan" cultural centre, Square St. Roch, Japanese Garden, Abbey Graville, Museum of Natural History, Church of St. François, beach activities, theaters and cinemas (2;7).
Le Havre is served by Havre-Octeville Airport (2). The port of Le Havre started out as a military, fishing, and trade port (3). It is the second largest port in France and the fifth in Europe (10). It is still a fishing port (2) and in 2007 it created a cruise terminal (4).
The port of Le Havre is an industrial hub. It deals with every type of commodities thanks to the diversity of its terminals (2). In addition, the port of Le Havre has the infrastructure to accommodate larger ships currently in service around the world 24hrs a day (6).
Le Havre economy includes mainly agriculture, industry, petrochemicals, and tourism (2).The Port of Le Havre supports a large industrial zone that contains oil-refining, chemical, petrochemical, cement, automotive, and aeronautical industries (11).
The industrialization of the 1920s helped Le Havre become the most important city in Normandy thanks to its coffee and cotton exchange which became known all over the world (9). Large firms in the chemical industry are located in Le Havre (2).
The Port of Le Havre imports include liquid bulk cargoes, crude oil, coal, sand, gravel, stone, hydrocarbon gases, refined petroleum products, building materials and other liquid bulk (8). Its exports include refined petroleum products, cement, building materials , aerospace, and mechanics parts and vehicles (8).